Known as “Ankinara” in Greek, it’s use as a vegetable is well known to the ancient Greeks and Romans who advocated it for its medicinal and health benefiting qualities. Botanically, it belongs to the thistle family (Asteraceae), in the genus: Cynara. Scientific name: Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus.
Globe artichoke is low in calories and fat. Nonetheless, it is one of the finest sources of dietary fiber and antioxidants. Artichoke contains bitter principles, cynarin, and sesquiterpene-lactones. Scientific studies show that these compounds, not only inhibit cholesterol synthesis but also increase its excretion in the bile, and thus, help overall reduction in the total cholesterol levels in the blood. Fresh artichoke is an excellent source of vitamin, folic acid, good vegetable sources for vitamin-K. It is also a good source of antioxidant compounds such as silymarin, caffeic acid, and ferulic acid, which help the body protect from harmful free-radical agents. Artichoke is a rich source of minerals like copper, calcium, potassium, iron, manganese and phosphorus. Additionally, it contains small amounts of antioxidant flavonoid compounds like carotene-beta, lutein, and zeaxanthin. Artichokes can be enjoyed mixed with vegetables, beans, meat, or stuffed with seafood. The globes, in general, are cooked by deep-frying, sautéed in oil or barbecued. Try it as an add on to your salad next time you want a balanced, nutritious meal..
From the Panel of Well at Heart e-Health Magazine App
– By Ms. Pariksha Rao
M Sc in Advanced Human Nutrition and Public Health Nutrition (Delhi University).
Diploma in Clinical Research and Clinical Behaviour Science
Senior Clinical Nutritionist & Wellness Coach
Mindfulness Expert – Diabetes (UK)
International Diabetes Federation certified Diabetes Educator.